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What is a Brain Tumor?

The brain and intracranial cavity are the places where tumors are most common after the uterus. Brain tumors can occur in any age group, from a newborn baby to older people. However, factors such as the type, location and frequency of the tumor differ according to these age groups. There are many different classifications of brain tumors, but we can generally divide them into benign brain tumors and malignant brain tumors.

Benign Tumor

Among the benign brain tumors, the most common tumor types are meningiomas.

Meningioma

Meningioma can also occur in men, but studies have shown that it is more common in women. It has also been proven to be related to the hormone estrogen. The most important symptom of benign brain tumors is chronic headache. Depending on the location of the tumor, epileptic seizures, sometimes weakness in the arms or legs, speech disorders can be counted as other symptoms. Brain imaging examination should be performed in people with chronic headaches. Meningiomas can be of many different types and locations. Generally, the treatment is surgery. Meningiomas that are very small and do not harm the patient can be followed up. It can be observed whether it grows by taking traces in certain periods. Meningiomas develop from the membrane surrounding the brain. Therefore, they are slow growing tumors; They can grow into the skull bone as well as the brain.

Benign Brain Tumor Treatment (Menangioma Surgery)

Brain Tumor Treatment is surgery. Observation can be made in cases that are very small and are not thought to be harmful to the patient. In surgery, all of these tumors are usually removed. In rare cases, tumors can adhere to important structures. In this case, it is removed as much as possible and the remainder is followed. Meningioma is a vascular tumor. For this reason, we always apply brain vessel imaging methods to patients for whom we plan surgery. It is useful to see from where and how much it is fed and from which veins it receives branches. If necessary, the occlusion of the vessels can be performed by entering through the groin, which we call embolization. It is useful in terms of not bleeding. Thus, a safer operation is ensured.

Benign Brain Tumor Symptoms (Memengioma Symptoms)

  • Severe headaches that do not go away. (These pains may also be a symptom of other diseases, but if the pain is severe and chronic, a neurosurgeon should be examined)
  • Weakness, sometimes in the arms or legs
  • Speech disorders

Malignant Tumor

Malignant brain tumors can be divided into two in general. The first of these is the brain’s own bad tumors, and the second is tumors that have jumped into the brain from somewhere else. The latter is also called metastasis. Before describing the types, it is useful to talk about the symptoms of malignant brain tumors.

Malignant Brain Tumor Symptoms

  • The symptoms of malignant brain tumors develop very quickly. It can manifest itself in a few weeks or even a few days.
  • very severe headaches
  • nausea, vomiting
  • unconsciousness
  • Sarah’s seizure
  • Paralysis of the arm or leg depending on the affected area

The Brain’s Own Bad Tumors

At the beginning of the malignant tumors of the brain, there is a tumor that we call glioblastoma multiforme, which unfortunately cannot be cured under today’s conditions, does not have a very high success rate surgically, and spreads very rapidly in the advanced stage. The brain’s own tumors do not spread to other places. But it can come to the brain from elsewhere.

Tumors that have jumped to the brain from elsewhere (metastasis)

Metastases are most common in men. Lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, kidney cancer love to jump into the brain. In fact, the first symptom of lung cancers is the period of brain metastases. Lung cancer disease, which has progressed insidiously until then, may manifest itself with the findings it gives after jumping to the brain. Symptoms of metastasis include severe headaches, nausea and vomiting, loss of balance, and weakness in the arm or leg. In such cases, we recommend taking a brain film. There are many foci in metastasis, there is a large and small spread in the brain. In order to increase the patient’s standard of living and quality of life, large metastases located above the brain and easy to remove can be surgically removed.

Malignant Brain Tumor Life expectancy

We hear this question very often from relatives of people who have this disease. These kinds of questions are actually very natural questions. We should know that physicians, like people, will never have a lifetime. As a matter of fact, we encounter extreme examples of these a lot in our medical life. We witness that the patient with a very advanced malignant tumor, which we think will die in a very short time, lives for years. We should never lose hope and try our luck until the end.

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